Depression Levels and Affecting Factors of Employees in a University Hospital
Objectives: Depression is one of the mostly seen diagnosis among the people which ask for health services. It had been shown in many studies that, the work conditions play an important role for mental health disorders about workers. In this study we aimed to investigate the levels and the factors that influence depression among hospital workers in the Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine.
Materials and Methods: We randomly selected 337 workers who admitted to occupational medicine clinic at Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine. The Beck Depression Inventory for primary care version (BDI-PC) that is adapted into Turkish was performed to the workers. The results were analyzed with SPSS 18. Fisher's Exact test, Mann-Whitney U test, One-Way ANOVA and Post Hoc tests were used in the study. A two-tailed p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The average age of the people in the study were 34.60 ± 10.20 years. The workers were consisted of 56.90% (n = 192) female and 43.10% (n = 145) men. Participants were working in hospital for 11.90 ± 8.80 years. The average scores of workers for BDI-PC were 1.70 ± 2.20 (min:0, max:16). In this study, 11.30% (n=38) got 5 points or more and 1.50% (n=5) got 10 points or more for BDI-PC. About 66.20% (n=223) of the participants were married, 32.60% (n=110) were single, 1.20% (n=33) were divorced. 9.80% (n=33) of the participants had been diagnosed for depression before.
Conclusion: Depression is the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorder in our country and in the world. Because of considerable effect on work loss, medical expenses and suicide attempts, depression should be approached especially among health workers.
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