Year 2019, Volume 19 , Issue 4, Pages 761 - 768 2019-11-28

Geriatrik Hastaların Mediko-Legal Açıdan Değerlendirilmesi Ve Adli Travmalı Yaşlılarda Mortalite Prediktörleri
Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma

Seda DAĞAR [1] , Emine AKINCI EMEKTAR [2] , Şeref Kerem ÇORBACIOĞLU [3] , Hüseyin UZUNOSMANOĞLU [4] , Ozge OZTEKİN [5] , Yunsur CEVİK [6]


Amaç: Çalışmanın amacı acil servise başvuran geriatrik yaş grubu adli vakaların demografik ve epidemiyolojik açıdan irdelenmesi ve geriatrik adli travma olgularında hastane içi mortalite üzerine etki eden faktörlerin belirlenmesidir. Materyal ve Metot: Çalışmamıza, 1 Ocak 2015 ve 1 Ocak 2018 tarihleri arasında acil servise başvuran ve adli bildirim yapılan 65 yaş ve üzeri tüm hastalar dahil edildi. Hastaların demografik verileri, vital ve klinik bulguları, adli tanıları ve hastane-içi mortalite durumları kaydedildi. Çalışmadaki tüm hastalar için ‘Glaskow Koma Skoru’ ve adli travmalı hastalar için ek olarak ‘Yaralanma Ciddiyet Puanı’ hesaplandı. Mortal seyreden ve sağ kalan hastaların özellikleri karşılaştırıldı. Adli travmalı hastalarda hastane içi mortalite prediktörlerini değerlendirmek için çok değişkenli lojistik regresyon analizi kullanıldı. Bulgular: Çalışmaya toplam 598 geriatrik adli hasta alındı. En sık adli başvuru nedeni motorlu taşıt kazaları (n=317, %53,01) idi. Hastaların %3,17'si (n=19) öldü. Çok değişkenli lojistik regresyon modeli yaş, cinsiyet, ‘Yaralanma Ciddiyet Puanı’, multitravma varlığı, yüksekten düşme ve zemin seviyesinden düşme parametreleri ile oluşturuldu. Hastane içi mortaliteyi ön görmede yüksekten düşme en belirgin prediktör olarak bulunurken [OR: 54,628], yaş artıkça mortalite artmaktaydı. Sonuç: Çalışmamız sonuçlarına göre aktif sosyal hayata katılımı gün geçtikçe artan geriatrik yaş grubunun günümüzde en sık karşılaştığı adli olay motorlu taşıt kazalarıdır. Ayrıca, adli başvurularda, özellikle yüksekten düşme travma mekanizması geriatrik populasyonda hastane içi mortaliteyi belirgin şekilde arttırmaktadır.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate demographic and epidemiological aspects of older people with forensic events and to determine factors affecting in-hospital mortality in geriatric patients with forensic trauma. Materials and Methods: All patients aged ≥65 years who were admitted to the emergency department between January 1, 2015 and January 1, 2018 and reported as a forensic case were included in the study. The demographic data, vital and clinical findings, forensic diagnoses and in-hospital mortality statuses of the patients were recorded. ‘Glasgow Coma Scale’ for all patients and ‘Injury Severity Score’ for patients with forensic trauma were calculated. Characteristics of patients with in-hospital mortality and surviving patients were compared. Also, a multivariate logistic regression analyses was used to assess the predictors for in-hospital mortality in patients with forensic trauma. Results: A total of 598 geriatric forensic patients were included in the analyses. The most frequent forensic admission reason was motor vehicle collisions (n=317, 53.01%). 3.17% (n=19) of the patients died. The multivariate logistic regression model was formed with age, gender, Injury Severity Score, presence of multitrauma, falling from height and ground level falls. Falling from height was found to be the most distinctive predictor for in-hospital mortality [odds ratio: 54.628], and as age increased, mortality increased as well. Conclusion: The most frequent forensic event in the older people was motor vehicle collisions. In forensic admissions, the trauma mechanism of falling from height clearly increases in-hospital mortality among the geriatric population.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7874-382X
Author: Seda DAĞAR
Institution: Department of Emergency Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6056-4401
Author: Emine AKINCI EMEKTAR
Institution: Department of Emergency Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7802-8087
Author: Şeref Kerem ÇORBACIOĞLU
Institution: Department of Emergency Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4370-1283
Author: Hüseyin UZUNOSMANOĞLU
Institution: Department of Emergency Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2469-9819
Author: Ozge OZTEKİN
Institution: Department of Emergency Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1325-0909
Author: Yunsur CEVİK
Institution: Department of Emergency Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : November 28, 2019

Bibtex @research article { amj651997, journal = {Ankara Medical Journal}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4570}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University}, year = {2019}, volume = {19}, pages = {761 - 768}, doi = {10.17098/amj.651997}, title = {Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma}, key = {cite}, author = {DAĞAR, Seda and AKINCI EMEKTAR, Emine and ÇORBACIOĞLU, Şeref Kerem and UZUNOSMANOĞLU, Hüseyin and OZTEKİN, Ozge and CEVİK, Yunsur} }
APA DAĞAR, S , AKINCI EMEKTAR, E , ÇORBACIOĞLU, Ş , UZUNOSMANOĞLU, H , OZTEKİN, O , CEVİK, Y . (2019). Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma. Ankara Medical Journal , 19 (4) , 761-768 . DOI: 10.17098/amj.651997
MLA DAĞAR, S , AKINCI EMEKTAR, E , ÇORBACIOĞLU, Ş , UZUNOSMANOĞLU, H , OZTEKİN, O , CEVİK, Y . "Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma". Ankara Medical Journal 19 (2019 ): 761-768 <http://www.ankaramedicaljournal.com/en/issue/50345/651997>
Chicago DAĞAR, S , AKINCI EMEKTAR, E , ÇORBACIOĞLU, Ş , UZUNOSMANOĞLU, H , OZTEKİN, O , CEVİK, Y . "Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma". Ankara Medical Journal 19 (2019 ): 761-768
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma AU - Seda DAĞAR , Emine AKINCI EMEKTAR , Şeref Kerem ÇORBACIOĞLU , Hüseyin UZUNOSMANOĞLU , Ozge OZTEKİN , Yunsur CEVİK Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17098/amj.651997 DO - 10.17098/amj.651997 T2 - Ankara Medical Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 761 EP - 768 VL - 19 IS - 4 SN - -2148-4570 M3 - doi: 10.17098/amj.651997 UR - https://doi.org/10.17098/amj.651997 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Medical Journal Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma %A Seda DAĞAR , Emine AKINCI EMEKTAR , Şeref Kerem ÇORBACIOĞLU , Hüseyin UZUNOSMANOĞLU , Ozge OZTEKİN , Yunsur CEVİK %T Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma %D 2019 %J Ankara Medical Journal %P -2148-4570 %V 19 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17098/amj.651997 %U 10.17098/amj.651997
ISNAD DAĞAR, Seda , AKINCI EMEKTAR, Emine , ÇORBACIOĞLU, Şeref Kerem , UZUNOSMANOĞLU, Hüseyin , OZTEKİN, Ozge , CEVİK, Yunsur . "Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma". Ankara Medical Journal 19 / 4 (November 2019): 761-768 . https://doi.org/10.17098/amj.651997
AMA DAĞAR S , AKINCI EMEKTAR E , ÇORBACIOĞLU Ş , UZUNOSMANOĞLU H , OZTEKİN O , CEVİK Y . Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma. Ankara Med J. 2019; 19(4): 761-768.
Vancouver DAĞAR S , AKINCI EMEKTAR E , ÇORBACIOĞLU Ş , UZUNOSMANOĞLU H , OZTEKİN O , CEVİK Y . Medico-Legal Evaluation of Geriatric Patients and Mortality Predictors in the Elderly with Forensic Trauma. Ankara Medical Journal. 2019; 19(4): 768-761.