Cilt 17, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 151 - 159 2017-09-27

Gebe Adölesanlarda Sosyodemografik Özelliklerin ve Gebelikle İlgili Ruhsal Sorunların Değerlendirilmesi
An Evaluation of Sociodemographic Characteristics and Pregnancy-Related Psychological Problems in Pregnant Adolescents

Tayfun Kara [1] , Keziban Doğan [2] , Behiye Alyanak [3] , İsmail Akaltun [4]

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Amaç: Adölesan dönemde yaşanan gebelik yetişkinlik dönemi gebeliklerine oranla daha çok ruhsal soruna ve sosyoekonomik zorluklara sahip olabilir. Çalışmamızın amacı, gebe adölesanlarda bu sorunlara neden olabilecek sosyodemografik özellikleri ve ruhsal sorunları tanımlamaktır.

Materyal ve Metot: Çalışmamız İstanbul Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Kliniği’ne başvurmuş gebeliğe sahip hastalar ile yürütülen vaka-kontrol çalışmasıdır. Çalışma grubu 13-19 yaş aralığında gebeliğine sahip 85 adölesan gebeden, kontrol grubu 20 yaş ve üzeri gebeliğe sahip 50 yetişkin gebeden oluşmaktadır. Katılımcılar psikiyatri uzmanları tarafından hazırlanmış bilgi formu ile karşılıklı görüşmeler yapılarak değerlendirilmiştir.

Bulgular: Çalışma grubunun ve eşlerinin kontrol grubuna kıyasla daha düşük eğitim düzeyine sahip olduğu görüldü. Çalışma grubunun kontrol grubundan daha fazla sayıda kardeşe sahip olduğu saptandı. Adölesan gebelerin kendilerini erişkin gebeler kadar anneliğe hazır hissettikleri ve erişkin gebeler kadar gebeliği arzu ettikleri saptandı. Kontrol grubu ile çalışma grubu arasında intihar düşüncesi ve intihar girişimi açısından anlamlı fark saptanmadı. Çalışma grubunda gebelik dönemi ruhsal sorun ve sıkıntı tanımlarında artma olmadığı, hatta gebelikte yoğun sıkıntı ve bunaltı hissedilen dönemlerin kontrol grubundan anlamlı düşük olduğu görüldü.

Sonuç: Adölesan dönemi gebelikleri kalabalık aileler ve düşük eğitim seviyesi durumundan etkilenir. Beklenenin aksine adölesan gebelerde ruhsal sorun tanımının daha yüksek olmadığı görüldü. Bu durum, sosyo-kültürel olarak anne olmanın işlevsel değerli algılanmasıyla, ergen gebeliklere olumlu yaklaşımla ilişkili olabilir

Objectives: Pregnancy in adolescence may involve more psychological problems and socioeconomic difficulties compared to pregnancies in adulthood. The purpose of this study was to identify socioeconomic characteristics and psychological problems that may give rise to such difficulties.
Materials and Methods: This case-control study was performed with pregnant women presented to the Istanbul Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Department. The study group consisted of 85 pregnant adolescents aged 13-19 and the control group consisted of 50 pregnant adults aged 20 or over. Subjects were evaluated by face-to-face interviews using an information form prepared by specialist psychiatrists.
Results: The study group and their partners had lower levels of education compared to the control group. The members of the study group had more siblings than the control group. Adolescent pregnants were found to be as ready for motherhood as adults and desire to become pregnant as much as adult pregnants. There was no significant difference between the control group and the study group in terms of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. The study group described no increase in psychological problems and difficulties during pregnancy. Indeed, periods of intense unease and distress during pregnancy were significantly less than the control group. 
Conclusion: Adolescent pregnancies are affected by large families and lower levels of education. Contrary to expectation, pregnant adolescents in Turkey reported no greater incidence of psychological problems. This may be due to a sociocultural perception of the functional value of motherhood in the country and to a positive attitude towards adolescent pregnancies. 

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Konular Sağlık Bilimleri
Dergi Bölümü Araştırmalar
Yazarlar

Yazar: Tayfun Kara
E-posta: tayfunkara@hotmail.com

Yazar: Keziban Doğan
E-posta: info@ankaramedicaljournal.com

Yazar: Behiye Alyanak
E-posta: info@ankaramedicaljournal.com

Yazar: İsmail Akaltun
E-posta: info@ankaramedicaljournal.com

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { amj340100, journal = {Ankara Medical Journal}, issn = {}, address = {Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {17}, pages = {151 - 159}, doi = {10.17098/amj.340100}, title = {Gebe Adölesanlarda Sosyodemografik Özelliklerin ve Gebelikle İlgili Ruhsal Sorunların Değerlendirilmesi}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {Akaltun, İsmail and Kara, Tayfun and Doğan, Keziban and Alyanak, Behiye} } @araştırma makalesi { amj340100, journal = {Ankara Medical Journal}, issn = {}, address = {Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {17}, pages = {151 - 159}, doi = {10.17098/amj.340100}, title = {An Evaluation of Sociodemographic Characteristics and Pregnancy-Related Psychological Problems in Pregnant Adolescents}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {Akaltun, İsmail and Kara, Tayfun and Doğan, Keziban and Alyanak, Behiye} }
APA Kara, T , Doğan, K , Alyanak, B , Akaltun, İ . (2017). Gebe Adölesanlarda Sosyodemografik Özelliklerin ve Gebelikle İlgili Ruhsal Sorunların Değerlendirilmesi. Ankara Medical Journal, 17 (3), 151-159. DOI: 10.17098/amj.340100
MLA Kara, T , Doğan, K , Alyanak, B , Akaltun, İ . "Gebe Adölesanlarda Sosyodemografik Özelliklerin ve Gebelikle İlgili Ruhsal Sorunların Değerlendirilmesi". Ankara Medical Journal 17 (2017): 151-159 <http://www.ankaramedicaljournal.com/issue/31196/340100>
Chicago Kara, T , Doğan, K , Alyanak, B , Akaltun, İ . "Gebe Adölesanlarda Sosyodemografik Özelliklerin ve Gebelikle İlgili Ruhsal Sorunların Değerlendirilmesi". Ankara Medical Journal 17 (2017): 151-159
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Gebe Adölesanlarda Sosyodemografik Özelliklerin ve Gebelikle İlgili Ruhsal Sorunların Değerlendirilmesi AU - Tayfun Kara , Keziban Doğan , Behiye Alyanak , İsmail Akaltun Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.17098/amj.340100 DO - 10.17098/amj.340100 T2 - Ankara Medical Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 151 EP - 159 VL - 17 IS - 3 SN - -2148-4570 M3 - doi: 10.17098/amj.340100 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17098/amj.340100 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Medical Journal Gebe Adölesanlarda Sosyodemografik Özelliklerin ve Gebelikle İlgili Ruhsal Sorunların Değerlendirilmesi %A Tayfun Kara , Keziban Doğan , Behiye Alyanak , İsmail Akaltun %T Gebe Adölesanlarda Sosyodemografik Özelliklerin ve Gebelikle İlgili Ruhsal Sorunların Değerlendirilmesi %D 2017 %J Ankara Medical Journal %P -2148-4570 %V 17 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17098/amj.340100 %U 10.17098/amj.340100