Yıl 2018, Cilt 18, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 31 - 39 2018-03-30

Sensitivities of the Gail, NSABP and NCI Risk Analysis Models for Turkish Women for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment
Türk Kadınlarında Meme Kanseri Risk Değerlendirmesi için Gail, NSABP ve NCI Risk Analiz Modellerinin Duyarlılıkları

Elif Altunbaş Ateş [1] , Betül Bozkurt [2] , Ragıp Çam [3]

122 329

Objectives: The best protection against breast cancer, the most common cancer in women, is early detection. The most commonly used risk assessment tools, identifying women at high risk of developing breast cancer, are the Gail model and its modifications, National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) and National Cancer Institute (NCI) models. We aimed to evaluate the sensitivities of these models. 
Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 1333 patients who had been diagnosed with breast cancer at Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital and Ankara University Medical Faculty between April 1998 and December 2014.
Results: The Gail model identified 32.52% of the patients as being at high risk. The model NSABP identified 15.48% as being at high risk and the NCI identified 19.39 %. 
Conclusion: Comparison of the sensitivity of three models revealed Gail model as the most sensitive one, but it only identified 32.52 % of the patients who developed breast cancer as being at high risk. There was a correlation between the results, but results were significantly different. We conclude that these three models are not applicable to Turkish women due to their low sensitivity and poor concordance. There is a need to develop a new risk assessment model with the addition of different parameters for Turkish women.

Giriş: Kadınlarda en sık görülen kanser olan meme kanserine karşı en iyi koruma erken tanıdır. Meme kanseri gelişimi için yüksek riskli bireyleri tanımlamak için en sık kullanılan risk değerlendirme yöntemleri Gail ve modifikasyonları olan National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) ve National Cancer Institute NCI modelleridir. Araştırmamızda bu modellerin duyarlılıklarını değerlendirmeyi amaçladık.
Materyal ve Metot: Ankara Numune Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi ve Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi’nde, Nisan 1998 ile Aralık 2014 tarihleri arasında, meme kanseri tanısı almış 1333 hastayı retrospektif olarak değerlendirdik.

Bulgular: Gail modeli hastaların %32,52’ sini yüksek riskli olarak tanımladı. NSABP %15,48 ve NCI modeli %19,39 hastayı yüksek riskli olarak tanımladı.

Sonuç: Üç modelin duyarlılığını karşılaştırdığımızda Gail modeli en duyarlısıdır; fakat zaten meme kanseri gelişmiş olan hastaların sadece %32,52’ sini yüksek riskli olarak tanımlayabilmiştir. Sonuçlar arasında korelasyon vardı; ama anlamlı derecede farklı idi. Biz, bu üç modelin, düşük duyarlılık ve zayıf uyuşmalarına bağlı olarak, Türk kadınlarına uygun olmadığına karar verdik. Türk kadınları için, farklı parametreler eklenerek yeni bir risk değerlendirme modeli geliştirilmesine ihtiyaç vardır.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Dergi Bölümü Araştırmalar
Yazarlar

Yazar: Elif Altunbaş Ateş (Sorumlu Yazar)

Yazar: Betül Bozkurt

Yazar: Ragıp Çam

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { amj408963, journal = {Ankara Medical Journal}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4570}, address = {Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {18}, pages = {31 - 39}, doi = {10.17098/amj.408963}, title = {Sensitivities of the Gail, NSABP and NCI Risk Analysis Models for Turkish Women for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment}, key = {cite}, author = {Çam, Ragıp and Altunbaş Ateş, Elif and Bozkurt, Betül} }
APA Altunbaş Ateş, E , Bozkurt, B , Çam, R . (2018). Sensitivities of the Gail, NSABP and NCI Risk Analysis Models for Turkish Women for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment. Ankara Medical Journal, 18 (1), 31-39. DOI: 10.17098/amj.408963
MLA Altunbaş Ateş, E , Bozkurt, B , Çam, R . "Sensitivities of the Gail, NSABP and NCI Risk Analysis Models for Turkish Women for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment". Ankara Medical Journal 18 (2018): 31-39 <http://www.ankaramedicaljournal.com/issue/36291/408963>
Chicago Altunbaş Ateş, E , Bozkurt, B , Çam, R . "Sensitivities of the Gail, NSABP and NCI Risk Analysis Models for Turkish Women for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment". Ankara Medical Journal 18 (2018): 31-39
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Sensitivities of the Gail, NSABP and NCI Risk Analysis Models for Turkish Women for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment AU - Elif Altunbaş Ateş , Betül Bozkurt , Ragıp Çam Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17098/amj.408963 DO - 10.17098/amj.408963 T2 - Ankara Medical Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 31 EP - 39 VL - 18 IS - 1 SN - -2148-4570 M3 - doi: 10.17098/amj.408963 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17098/amj.408963 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Medical Journal Sensitivities of the Gail, NSABP and NCI Risk Analysis Models for Turkish Women for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment %A Elif Altunbaş Ateş , Betül Bozkurt , Ragıp Çam %T Sensitivities of the Gail, NSABP and NCI Risk Analysis Models for Turkish Women for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment %D 2018 %J Ankara Medical Journal %P -2148-4570 %V 18 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17098/amj.408963 %U 10.17098/amj.408963
ISNAD Altunbaş Ateş, Elif , Bozkurt, Betül , Çam, Ragıp . "Türk Kadınlarında Meme Kanseri Risk Değerlendirmesi için Gail, NSABP ve NCI Risk Analiz Modellerinin Duyarlılıkları". Ankara Medical Journal 18 / 1 (Mart 2018): 31-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.17098/amj.408963