Yıl 2018, Cilt 18, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 382 - 390 2018-09-28

Bilinen ve Olası Risk Faktörlerinin Birlikteliğinin Gestasyonel Diyabetes Mellitus Gelişimine Etkisi
The Effect of Common and Possible Risk Factors’ Co-occurrence to the Development of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Eren Gürkan [1] , Emre Dirican [2] , Neşe Bülbül [3]

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Objectives: Advanced maternal age, obesity, presence of family history of diabetes and macrosomic infant delivery are common risk factors for gestational diabetes (GDM). The increase in pregnancy weight and number of pregnancies are also possible risk factors. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of common and possible risk factors with GDM development.
Materials and Methods: A case-control study was planned with a structured questionnaire on GDM screening. For this purpose, pregnant patients who applied to the Hatay State Hospital gynecology and obstetric outpatient clinic between January and October 2017 were included in the study. 181 case records who were applied a two-step oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were scanned. 102 participants were included in this study. In our study, the data were analyzed statistically using 95% confidence, using the SPSS 22 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) package program. The significance level of all the tests used was determined to be 0.05. Pearson-Continuity Correction-Fisher Exact Chi-Square tests, binary logistic regression (enter method) analyzes were used in the study.

Results: 74 of our 102 participants (72.50%) were non-GDM and 28 (27.50%) were GDM. The average age is 29.04 ± 6.11. Univariate relations with GDM are investigated, age (p=0.001), prevalence of GDM at previous pregnancies (p=0.002), presence of diabetes mellitus family history (p=0.001), increase of body weight in pregnancy (p=0.011), presence of glycosuria before pregnancy (p= 0.020), multiple pregnancies (p=0.012), presence of macrosomic baby delivery (p=0.027). However, when the significance of risk factors is evaluated together with logistic regression analysis, advancing maternal age, multiple pregnancies and presence of diabetes mellitus family history increases the risk of GDM. Body mass index (BMI) and the weight of the first two trimester weight> 8 kg are not significant.
Conclusion: Presence of diabetes mellitus family history, increased maternal age together with BMI, multiple pregnancies increases GDM risk. These risk factors need to be considered in prenatal screening.

Objectives: Advanced maternal age, obesity, presence of family history of diabetes and macrosomic infant delivery are known risk factors for gestational diabetes (GDM). The increase in pregnancy weight and number of pregnancies are also possible risk factors. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of known and possible risk factors with GDM development.
Materials and Methods: A case-control study was planned with a structured questionnaire on gestational diabetes mellitus screening. For this purpose, pregnant patients who applied to the Hatay State Hospital gynecology and obstetric outpatient clinic between January and October 2017 were included in the study. 181 case records who were applied a two-step oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were scanned. 102 participants were included in this study. In our study, the data were analyzed statistically using 95% confidence, using the SPSS 22 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) package program. The significance level of all the tests used was determined to be 0,05. Pearson-ContinuityCorrection-FisherExactChi-Square tests, binary logistic regression (enter method) analyzes were used in the study.
Results: 74 of our 102 participants (72.50%) were non-GDM and 28 (27.50%) were GDM. The average age is 29,04 ± 6.11. Univariate relations with GDM are investigated, age (p=0,001), prevalence of GDM at previous pregnancies (p=0,002), presence of diabetes mellitus family history (p=0,001), increase of body weight in pregnancy (p=0,011), presence of glycosuria before pregnancy (p= 0,020), multiple pregnancies (p=0,012), presence of macrosomic baby delivery (p=0,027). However, when the significance of risk factors is evaluated together with logistic regression analysis, advancing maternal age, multiple pregnancies and presence of diabetes mellitus family history increases the risk of GDM. Body mass index (BMI) and the weight of the first two trimester weight> 8 kg are not significant.
Conclusion: Presence of diabetes mellitus family history, increased maternal age together with BMI, multiple pregnancies increases GDM risk. These risk factors need to be considered in prenatal screening.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri
Dergi Bölümü Araştırmalar
Yazarlar

Yazar: Eren Gürkan (Sorumlu Yazar)

Yazar: Emre Dirican

Yazar: Neşe Bülbül

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { amj461421, journal = {Ankara Medical Journal}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4570}, address = {Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {18}, pages = {382 - 390}, doi = {10.17098/amj.461421}, title = {Bilinen ve Olası Risk Faktörlerinin Birlikteliğinin Gestasyonel Diyabetes Mellitus Gelişimine Etkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {Bülbül, Neşe and Gürkan, Eren and Dirican, Emre} }
APA Gürkan, E , Dirican, E , Bülbül, N . (2018). Bilinen ve Olası Risk Faktörlerinin Birlikteliğinin Gestasyonel Diyabetes Mellitus Gelişimine Etkisi. Ankara Medical Journal, 18 (3), 382-390. DOI: 10.17098/amj.461421
MLA Gürkan, E , Dirican, E , Bülbül, N . "Bilinen ve Olası Risk Faktörlerinin Birlikteliğinin Gestasyonel Diyabetes Mellitus Gelişimine Etkisi". Ankara Medical Journal 18 (2018): 382-390 <http://www.ankaramedicaljournal.com/issue/39422/461421>
Chicago Gürkan, E , Dirican, E , Bülbül, N . "Bilinen ve Olası Risk Faktörlerinin Birlikteliğinin Gestasyonel Diyabetes Mellitus Gelişimine Etkisi". Ankara Medical Journal 18 (2018): 382-390
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Bilinen ve Olası Risk Faktörlerinin Birlikteliğinin Gestasyonel Diyabetes Mellitus Gelişimine Etkisi AU - Eren Gürkan , Emre Dirican , Neşe Bülbül Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17098/amj.461421 DO - 10.17098/amj.461421 T2 - Ankara Medical Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 382 EP - 390 VL - 18 IS - 3 SN - -2148-4570 M3 - doi: 10.17098/amj.461421 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17098/amj.461421 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Medical Journal Bilinen ve Olası Risk Faktörlerinin Birlikteliğinin Gestasyonel Diyabetes Mellitus Gelişimine Etkisi %A Eren Gürkan , Emre Dirican , Neşe Bülbül %T Bilinen ve Olası Risk Faktörlerinin Birlikteliğinin Gestasyonel Diyabetes Mellitus Gelişimine Etkisi %D 2018 %J Ankara Medical Journal %P -2148-4570 %V 18 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17098/amj.461421 %U 10.17098/amj.461421
ISNAD Gürkan, Eren , Dirican, Emre , Bülbül, Neşe . "Bilinen ve Olası Risk Faktörlerinin Birlikteliğinin Gestasyonel Diyabetes Mellitus Gelişimine Etkisi". Ankara Medical Journal 18 / 3 (Eylül 2018): 382-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.17098/amj.461421