Yıl 2018, Cilt 18, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 519 - 527 2018-12-27

Relationship Among the Symptom Severity of Knee Osteoarthritis, Quality of Life and Sleep Quality
Diz Osteoartriti Semptom Şiddeti, Yaşam Kalitesi ve Uyku Kalitesi Arasındaki İlişki

Sevgi İkbali Afşar [1] , Hüma Bölük [2] , Selin Özen [3]

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Objectives: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a widespread disease that increases in the elderly and is an important cause of morbidity. It is common knowledge that resting and nocturnal pain is rarely seen in patients with knee OA, however latest studies showed that it is not rare. Sleep disorders are thought to be related with nocturnal pain and it is shown that in patients with arthritis are more likely to develop sleep problems. Nocturnal pain is also related with depression and decreased quality of life. This study aims to evaluate sleep quality in patients with knee OA and to reveal the relationship between severity of knee OA, pain and sleep disorders and quality of life in female and male patients.
Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study includes 41 volunteer patients (27 female,14 male) between 40-65 years with knee OA, who suffer from knee pain for more than 6 months, and the study includes patients with grade 2 and 3 OA according to the Kellgren-Lawrence classification. Patients were evaluated using Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Lequesne Index, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Short form-36 (SF-36).
Results: VAS, WOMAC, Lequesne index, PSQI, BAI and BDI scores were significantly higher in female subjects than in male subjects. Prevalence of good sleep quality was significantly higher in male patients. There was a positive correlation between WOMAC scores and VAS, BAI and BDI scores, but there was no significant relationship between total PSQI scores. There was a positive correlation between Lequesne index scores and VAS, total PSQI, BAI and BDI scores. A negative correlation was found between WOMAC and Lequesne index and SF-36.
Conclusion: Severity of knee OA is found associated with pain, depression and anxiety, sleep quality and quality of life. It should be considered to manage knee OA to improve quality of life.

Amaç: Diz osteoartriti (OA), yaşla sıklığı artan yaygın bir hastalıktır ve önemli bir morbidite nedenidir.

Diz OA’lı hastalarda istirahat ve nokturnal ağrının nadiren görüldüğü yaygın bir bilgidir, ancak son

çalışmalar nadir görülmediğini göstermiştir. Uyku bozukluklarının noktürnal ağrı ile ilişkili olduğu

düşünülür ve artritli hastalarda uyku problemleri gelişmesi daha olasıdır. Gece ağrısı aynı zamanda

depresyon ve yaşam kalitesinin düşmesi ile de ilişkilidir. Bu çalışmada, diz OA'lı hastalarda uyku

kalitesini değerlendirmek ve OA şiddetiyle ağrı ve uyku bozuklukları ile kadın ve erkek hastalarda yaşam

kalitesi arasındaki ilişkiyi ortaya koymak amaçlanmıştır.

Materyal ve Metot: Bu kesitsel çalışma diz OA’sı olan 41 gönüllü hastayı (27 kadın, 14 erkek)

kapsamakta ve 40‐65 yaş arası 6 aydan fazla diz ağrısı olan ve Kellgren‐Lawrence 'e göre 2. ve 3. derece

olan hastaları kapsamaktadır. Hastalar Görsel Analog Skala (GAS), Western Ontario and McMaster

Universitesi Osteoartrit İndeksi (WOMAC), Lequesne Indeksi, Pittsburg Uyku Kalitesi İndeksi (PSQI),

Beck anksiyete envanteri (BAI), Beck depresyon envanteri (BDI) ve Kısa form‐36 (SF‐36) kullanılarak

değerlendirildi.

Bulgular: VAS, WOMAC, Lequesne indeksi, PSQI, BAI ve BDI skorları kadınlarda erkeklere göre

anlamlı olarak yüksek bulundu. Erkeklerde iyi uyku kalitesi prevalansı anlamlı olarak yüksek bulundu.

WOMAC skorları ile VAS, BAI ve BDI skorları arasında pozitif bir korelasyon vardı, fakat toplam PSQI

skoru arasında anlamlı bir ilişki yoktu. Lequesne indeks skorları ile VAS, total PSQI, BAI ve BDI skorları

arasında pozitif korelasyon vardı. WOMAC ve Lequesne indeksi ile SF‐36 arasında negatif korelasyon

bulundu.

Sonuç: Sonuç olarak, diz OA semptom şiddeti ile depresyon, anksiyete, uyku kalitesi ve yaşam kalitesi

ilişkili bulunmuştur. Yaşam kalitesini iyileştirmek için diz OA'yı yönetmek düşünülmelidir.

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Yazar: Sevgi İkbali Afşar (Sorumlu Yazar)

Yazar: Hüma Bölük

Yazar: Selin Özen

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { amj497329, journal = {Ankara Medical Journal}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4570}, address = {Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {18}, pages = {519 - 527}, doi = {10.17098/amj.497329}, title = {Relationship Among the Symptom Severity of Knee Osteoarthritis, Quality of Life and Sleep Quality}, key = {cite}, author = {İkbali Afşar, Sevgi and Özen, Selin and Bölük, Hüma} }
APA İkbali Afşar, S , Bölük, H , Özen, S . (2018). Relationship Among the Symptom Severity of Knee Osteoarthritis, Quality of Life and Sleep Quality. Ankara Medical Journal, 18 (4), 519-527. DOI: 10.17098/amj.497329
MLA İkbali Afşar, S , Bölük, H , Özen, S . "Relationship Among the Symptom Severity of Knee Osteoarthritis, Quality of Life and Sleep Quality". Ankara Medical Journal 18 (2018): 519-527 <http://www.ankaramedicaljournal.com/issue/40944/497329>
Chicago İkbali Afşar, S , Bölük, H , Özen, S . "Relationship Among the Symptom Severity of Knee Osteoarthritis, Quality of Life and Sleep Quality". Ankara Medical Journal 18 (2018): 519-527
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship Among the Symptom Severity of Knee Osteoarthritis, Quality of Life and Sleep Quality AU - Sevgi İkbali Afşar , Hüma Bölük , Selin Özen Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17098/amj.497329 DO - 10.17098/amj.497329 T2 - Ankara Medical Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 519 EP - 527 VL - 18 IS - 4 SN - -2148-4570 M3 - doi: 10.17098/amj.497329 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17098/amj.497329 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Medical Journal Relationship Among the Symptom Severity of Knee Osteoarthritis, Quality of Life and Sleep Quality %A Sevgi İkbali Afşar , Hüma Bölük , Selin Özen %T Relationship Among the Symptom Severity of Knee Osteoarthritis, Quality of Life and Sleep Quality %D 2018 %J Ankara Medical Journal %P -2148-4570 %V 18 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17098/amj.497329 %U 10.17098/amj.497329
ISNAD İkbali Afşar, Sevgi , Bölük, Hüma , Özen, Selin . "Diz Osteoartriti Semptom Şiddeti, Yaşam Kalitesi ve Uyku Kalitesi Arasındaki İlişki". Ankara Medical Journal 18 / 4 (Aralık 2018): 519-527. http://dx.doi.org/10.17098/amj.497329