Year 2019, Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 143 - 151 2019-03-22

Treatment of the First Carpometacarpal Joint Osteoarthritis: Corticosteroid Versus Platelet Rich Plasma – A Randomized Comparative Study
Birinci Karpometakarpal Eklem Osteoartritinin Tedavisi: Kortikosteroid ile Platelet Zengin Plazma – Randomize Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma

Mehmet Emin Şimşek [1]

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Objectives: The prevalence of arthrosis of the thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint is 35.8% in older males and females. In our study, it was aimed to compare the effect of corticosteroid and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection on the clinical and functional results in arthrosis of the first carpometacarpal joint of the hand.

Materials and Methods: 58 patients who presented to our clinic between October 2016 - March 2018 and were diagnosed with osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint of the hand, who did not previously benefit from other conservative treatment methods, who were stage 2 according to the Eaton-Littler classification and followed-up for at least 24 weeks were enrolled in this prospective study. Dreiser and VAS scores at months 1, 2, 3 and 6 were evaluated and the results were statistically compared.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of pre-injection VAS and Dreiser scores (p=0.211 and p=0.239, respectively). The difference between the clinical scores before the injection and at weeks 4, 8, 12 and 24 within each group was statistically significant, wherein the improvement in VAS and Dreiser scores was at a statistically significant level (p<0.001). It was observed that both groups exhibited an improvement in VAS and Dreiser scores and the clinical results of the two groups were similar at week 24. Although the amount of functional improvement and pain had decreased at week 24, VAS and Dreiser scores exhibited a statistically significant decrease in comparison to the pre-injection period (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Comparing PRP and steroid injections, it was observed that the improvement in hand functions according to the Dreiser score and the decrease in the level of pain according to the VAS score at week 24 were similar in both methods, and there was no statistically significant difference between them. In the light of current data, although the efficacy of PRP has been proven in osteoarthritis of the first CMC joint, replacing the steroid treatment with PRP seems difficult due to drawbacks such as the challenging preparation period, higher costs and difficulty of supplying the kits.

Amaç: İleri yaş erkek ve kadınların birinci parmağın karpometakarpal (KMK) eklem artrozu %35,8 sıklıkta görülmektedir. Çalışmamızda elde 1. parmak karpometakarpal eklem artrozunda kortikosteroid ve platelet zengin plazma (PZP) enjeksiyonunun klinik ve fonksiyonel sonuçlar üzerinde etkisinin karşılaştırılması amaçlanmıştır.
Materyal ve Metot: Bu çalışmada Ekim 2016 – Mart 2018 tarihleri arasında kliniğimize başvuran, elde 1. karpometakarpal eklemde osteoartrit tanısı konulan ve daha önce diğer konservatif tedavi yöntemlerinden fayda görmeyen, Eaton- Littler sınıflamasına göre evre 2 ve en az 24 hafta takip edilmiş olan 58 hasta prospektif çalışmaya dahil edildi. 1.,2.,3. ve 6. aylarda Dreiser ve VAS skorları ile değerlendirilerek sonuçlar istatistiksel olarak karşılaştırıldı.

Bulgular: Grupların enjeksiyon öncesi VAS ve Dreiser skorları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark yoktu (sırası ile p=0,211 ve p=0,239). Her iki grubun kendi içinde enjeksiyon öncesi ile 4.,8.,12. ve 24. haftalardaki klinik skorları arasındaki fark istatistiksel olarak anlamlı olup, VAS ve Dreiser skorlarında düzelme istatistiksel anlamlı düzeyde olduğu tespit edildi (p <0,001). 24. Haftada her iki grup VAS ve Dreiser skoru sonuçlarında düzelme olduğu ve iki grubun klinik sonuçlarının benzer olduğu görülmüştür. 24. Haftada ağrı ve fonksiyonel iyileşme miktarı her ne kadar azalmış olsada enjeksiyon öncesi döneme göre istatistiksel olarak VAS ve Dreiser skorlarında anlamlı düşüş mevcuttur (p<0,05). 

Sonuç: PZP ve steroid enjeksiyonları karşılaştırıldığında 24. haftada Dreiser skoru ile elde edilen el fonksiyonlarında iyileşme ve VAS skoruna göre elde edilen ağrı derecesinde azalmanın her iki yöntem için benzer olduğu ve aralarında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Elimizdeki veriler değerlendirildiğinde, PRP’ nin birinci KMK eklem osteoartritinde etkinliği gösterilmiş olsa da; hazırlık sürecinin zor ve maliyetin daha fazla olması, kit temini güçlüğü gibi zorluklar sebebiyle steroid tedavisinin yerini alması zor görünmektedir.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Mehmet Emin Şimşek (Primary Author)

Bibtex @research article { amj542222, journal = {Ankara Medical Journal}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4570}, address = {Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University}, year = {2019}, volume = {19}, pages = {143 - 151}, doi = {10.17098/amj.542222}, title = {Birinci Karpometakarpal Eklem Osteoartritinin Tedavisi: Kortikosteroid ile Platelet Zengin Plazma – Randomize Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma}, key = {cite}, author = {Şimşek, Mehmet Emin} }
APA Şimşek, M . (2019). Birinci Karpometakarpal Eklem Osteoartritinin Tedavisi: Kortikosteroid ile Platelet Zengin Plazma – Randomize Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma. Ankara Medical Journal, 19 (1), 143-151. DOI: 10.17098/amj.542222
MLA Şimşek, M . "Birinci Karpometakarpal Eklem Osteoartritinin Tedavisi: Kortikosteroid ile Platelet Zengin Plazma – Randomize Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma". Ankara Medical Journal 19 (2019): 143-151 <http://www.ankaramedicaljournal.com/issue/44012/542222>
Chicago Şimşek, M . "Birinci Karpometakarpal Eklem Osteoartritinin Tedavisi: Kortikosteroid ile Platelet Zengin Plazma – Randomize Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma". Ankara Medical Journal 19 (2019): 143-151
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Birinci Karpometakarpal Eklem Osteoartritinin Tedavisi: Kortikosteroid ile Platelet Zengin Plazma – Randomize Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma AU - Mehmet Emin Şimşek Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17098/amj.542222 DO - 10.17098/amj.542222 T2 - Ankara Medical Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 143 EP - 151 VL - 19 IS - 1 SN - -2148-4570 M3 - doi: 10.17098/amj.542222 UR - https://doi.org/10.17098/amj.542222 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Medical Journal Birinci Karpometakarpal Eklem Osteoartritinin Tedavisi: Kortikosteroid ile Platelet Zengin Plazma – Randomize Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma %A Mehmet Emin Şimşek %T Birinci Karpometakarpal Eklem Osteoartritinin Tedavisi: Kortikosteroid ile Platelet Zengin Plazma – Randomize Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma %D 2019 %J Ankara Medical Journal %P -2148-4570 %V 19 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17098/amj.542222 %U 10.17098/amj.542222
ISNAD Şimşek, Mehmet Emin . "Birinci Karpometakarpal Eklem Osteoartritinin Tedavisi: Kortikosteroid ile Platelet Zengin Plazma – Randomize Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma". Ankara Medical Journal 19 / 1 (March 2019): 143-151. https://doi.org/10.17098/amj.542222